JOSEPH UBI IGRI V. THE STATE

SUBJECT MATTER:  

MURDER CHARGE

A confessional statement is sufficient to ground a conviction

The burden of proof is on the prosecution

One who asserts a disputed fact must prove it

Voluntary confession

The process of trial within trial

The duty of the prosecutor

The prosecution’s duty as a prosecutor is to produce evidence to prove its case and not failure to produce witnesses not necessary to establish its case.” Per C.M. CHUKWUMA-ENEH, JSC

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EKPO OBONGHA MBANG V THE STATE

SUBJECT MATTER

CRIMINAL LAW

PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE

MURDER

EVIDENCE

RETRACTION OF CONFESSIONAL STATEMENT

In this case it is settled law that for the prosecution to secure a conviction in a murder charge as per the decision in Kada v. The State (1991) 11/12 SC. 1 it must prove the following ingredients of the crime thus:

The death of the deceased.

That the voluntary  act of omission  of the accused caused the death of the deceased.

That the accused’s act resulted in the death of the deceased having been done with the intention of causing death or grievous bodily harm to the deceased.

That the accused knew that death is the probable and natural consequences of his act or omission.

 There can be no doubt that in criminal cases such as in the instant case, the onus is on the prosecution to establish the guilt of the accused beyond reasonable doubt as settled law implying that unless the prosecution has discharged that onus it is not entitled to succeed.

Per Chukwumah-Eneh J.S.C.

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ANTHONY OKORO V THE STATE

SUBJECT MATTER

CRIMINAL LAW.

MURDER, FAIR HEARING, CIRCUMSTANTIAL EVIDENCE.

Fair Hearing: Failure to provide an interpreter, whether it will vitiate the court’s judgement

The failure to provide an interpreter has always been treated as a matter of procedure and a conviction would not be disturbed on appeal except it can be shown that the failure to provide an interpreter led to miscarriage of justice”  Per-  Bode  Rhodes-Vivour  .JSC

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